It all started with a conversation I had with the National Library of Greece a couple weeks ago. As they shared with me their plans for constructing a massive new National Library, a beautiful facility they hope to open next year, they started asking my thoughts on how to “future proof” their new facility.

As I advised them to operate it more as a laboratory for future libraries, where their mission will be to constantly test out new features, options, and systems, it occurred to me that very few people in the library world have any idea about where this current transition is taking us.

Over the past two decades, information has morphed and shifted into a myriad of different forms, going digital for the most part, with physical books and paper-based sources, as a percentage of the whole, all on the decline.

With digital comes an exponential increase in the number of ways we can access, manipulate, search, parse, combine, manage, and store each of the growing number of elements in the knowledge universe.

As a result, our expectations surrounding libraries and the activities and capabilities we expect from a local neighborhood information center, are also beginning to change.

Stepping through this list of possible activities, we should begin with the understanding that very few libraries, if any, will have all of them.

My intent in creating this list is to help those working with libraries to think about the multidimensional nature of our unfolding digital world. Certainly these changes will affect far more aspects of life than just libraries, but as a society we expect them to be ahead of the curve, helping us understand what we should be paying attention to.

As we add technologies like chatbots, virtual reality, and artificial intelligence to our libraries, activities will begin to coalesce around the strengths of particular communities and their regional differences. And that’s ok. In fact every library will need to operate as a working laboratory, testing new equipment, activities, and approaches to our ever-expanding info-verse to see where users gravitate.

What should libraries be?

How will we describe the nature of libraries in the future? Should they be:

  • Baby friendly
  • Pet friendly
  • Food friendly
  • Beer, wine, and alcohol friendly
  • Event friendly
  • Party friendly (should they provide a list of approved catering companies)
  • Homeless friendly
  • Privacy advocate friendly
  • Business friendly
  • Casual user friendly

Should they have facilities for:

  • Traveling museum exhibits
  • Private meetings
  • Aerobic reading
  • Taking a shower
  • Preparing and serving food
  • Taking a nap
  • Storing personal items
  • Sending money or making payments

Traditional Information Archive – Over the years libraries have expanded their collections. Certainly not all are large enough to manage every items on this list, but most have a majority of them.

  • Print books
  • Digital books
  • Audio books
  • Newspapers
  • Magazines
  • Music
  • Movies
  • TV shows
  • Radio broadcasts
  • Presentations
  • Courseware
  • Audio materials (discs, tapes, talking books and other recorded formats)
  • Maps
  • Microforms
  • Videos (film, television broadcasts, DVDs)
  • Sheet music
  • Photographs, posters, prints, and drawings
  • Apps and mobile apps
  • Social media archives
  • Artwork


Non-Traditional Archives

Libraries also have an obligation to archive their local communities. Some of the non-traditional archives may include:

1.    History of every business in region.

2.    Overview of every graduating class in every school.

3.    History of local infrastructure including bridges, tunnels, waterlines, sewer lines, fire stations, water towers, police stations, schools, etc.

4.    Aging of the community done through sequential photo queues.

5.    The sound of the city in the form of audio recordings over the years.

6.    Cultural influence timelines.

7.    Local archive for emergency equipment such as emergency generators when the power does down, or emergency lighting, emergency cots, etc.

8.    Record of every law, ordinance, and regulation affecting every member of the community


Search Command Centers

Most people entering a library are searching for something. Over the coming years search technology will become increasingly complicated, but at the same time we will have far more capabilities to use in our search.

Video Search – When it comes to video search, we still struggle with attributes like context, style, circumstances, and a variety of situational details. Examples of future video searches may include:

9.    Bring up every public video of Jane Doe (average person) between 1980 and 2005 when she was in Manchester, England.

10. What are the top 20 most watched videos of an audience laughing at someone who is in the process of dying from a fatal accident?

11. Show me the top 10 Twitch tournament videos of Korean players playing Destiny version 4.3.

12. What are the 12 common features of low grossing movies produced by Paramount Pictures in 1978?

Drone Search – It may seem unlikely today that libraries will have their own fleets of drones to deploy for physical search inquiries, but that will change over the coming decades.

13. Using thermo scans, what houses in my city have the least amount of insulation in the attic?

14. Where is the hole in the fence that is allowing livestock to enter the Eagle Ridge Neighborhood and cause damage?

15. Which areas in my city are least likely to get flooded when the river overflows its banks?

16. Give me a 360-degree views of the three major sculptures erected in my city last year?

Demographic Search – The demographics of the world is changing and we need better tools for monitoring it.

17. Show me a heatmap of the world, broken down by 1 square mile regions, showing highest to lowest birthrates.

18. What regions of the world are most like Winnipeg, Canada (pick any city) based on climate, age demographics, political views, education levels, scientific interests, personal health, etc.

19. Who is the most knowledgeable person in the world on acidic soil types?

20. Show me a decade-by-decade breakdown of increasing average incomes in Africa since 1900.

Complex Searches

Over time search engines will deploy a combination of techniques for finding the answer to complex questions.

21. Interactive map of the world highlighting regions currently at 10 degrees Celsius.

22. What world leaders are currently in NYC?

23. Interactive map of butterfly migrations in Panama?

24. What movie has Harrison Ford wearing a blue sweater while chewing gum?

25. Why is this object (hold up an object) important?

26. How famous am I compared to other people in my community?

27. Timeline Search – How have recipes for bread changed over the past 300 years?

28. Who else in the world has a disease like mine?

Future searches

As we enter the age of quantum computing, far more search attributes will become quantifiable. Someday soon we will be able to search for:

29. Smells

30. Tastes

31. Harmonic vibrations

32. Reflectivity

33. Specific gravity

34. Chemical composition

35. Textures

36. Viscosity

Fussy search features

How do we search for things with similar qualities? Future searches may include options to specify:

37. Looks like

38. Smells like

39. Feels like

40. Tastes like

41. Sounds like

42. Absorbs like

43. Echoes like

44. Coats like


Spherical Displays

Spherical displays in the future will have the ability to give an accurate perspective of planet earth.

45. Track pollution flows across the ocean in real-time.

46. Monitor major hurricanes from satellites and track new developments on a minute by minute basis.

47. Book a complex travel itinerary from a spherical perspective.

48. Show how warm water currents have changed over the past two decades.

Maker Spaces

Libraries are rapidly transitioning from a place for passive visitors who consume information to active participants who would much rather produce it. Areas to include:

49. Potters wheel and workshop for mixing the mud and making pottery

50. Growing vegetables using aquaponics

51. Video studio for both shooting and editing a video

52. A production area for both recording and editing a virtual reality experience

53. IoT workbenches complete with Internet of Things help desk

54. Access to 3D scanners and printers capable of printing items out of several hundred different materials

55. Laser cutters for etching/cutting wood, glass, metal, and ceramic

56. Jewelry making stations

Creative Spaces

These types of spaces will come complete with all the tools, technologies, and supplies for creative people to get creative.

57. Produce art

58. Produce music

59. Produce games

60. Produce podcasts

61. Produce webcasts

62. Produce VR experiences

63. Host IoT workshops

64. Create & print with 3D printers

Mini theaters

It’s important for groups have a place to gather for such things as:

65. Watching movies

66. Playing video games

67. Watch live events such as concerts, sporting events, NASA landings, etc.

68. Watch YouTube, Facebook, Twitch, and more

Live webcast studios

While we no longer need a studio for doing live webcasts, the age of the studio is far from over.

69. Book reviews

70. Game reviews

71. App reviews

72. Course review

73. Chatbot review

74. Tech reviews

75. 50 years ago today

76. “How to” accomplish something

3D Printing

As the process of additive manufacturing improves, it will begin to enter all of our lives in unusual ways:

77. 3D printer lending

78. 3D scanner lending

79. 3D printer workshops

80. 3D scanner workshops

81. 3D design competitions

82. 3D printer-scanner help desks


Flying Drones

In much the way kids that lived a century ago wanted to learn how to fly, young people today are enamored with flying and driving drones.

83. Drone lending

84. Flying drone flight simulators

85. DYI drone workshops

86. Drone competitions

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is already in existence and already knows far more about you than any person alive today. Will future libraries offer:

87. AI lending

88. AI workshops

89. AI competitions

90. Monitor and anticipate visitor usage


Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Both will become far more pervasive in the future.

91. VR & AR hardware lending

92. VR & AR software lending

93. VR & AR production studios

94. VR & AR search engines


Robots will become far more common in the future.

95. Robot lending

96. Robot rodeos

97. Robot workshops

98. Robot competitions


Internet of Things

As more of our devices join the connected world we will see an increase in demand for:

99. IoT device lending

100. IoT prototyping workshops

101. IoT competitions

102. IoT expert speaker sessions

Equipment Archive

Most people have old forms of information on disks, cartridges, stick drves, and tapes, and many are looking for a place to convert it to a new medium that people today can access.

103. Read and print microfiche

104. Both read and convert 8”, 5.25”, and 3.5” disks to the cloud

105. Convert photos to video

106. Convert from VHS to DVD

107. Digitize and repair old photos and documents

108. Old gaming consoles to play programs and games on cartridges, apps, stick drives, and CDs

Global Library Projects

109. VR chat rooms with people in other counties

110. Cross cultural lending programs (i.e. books written in Japanese, not translated, about Ben Franklin)


Video and Non-Video Games – Games are quickly becoming the cultural norm for most young people today.

111. Game tournaments

112. Game lending

113. Game builder workshops

114. Game expert events

New Facilities – Most major libraries will be testing out a host of new options to make their facilities relevant for next generation users.

115. Mini Planetariums

116. Robotic storytelling centers

117. VR dating stations

118. Time capsule room

119. Drone lending program

120. Pet lending program

121. Expert events – meet the experts

122. Community archives – let the community decide


Final Thoughts

As a kid growing up, libraries were always that magical place full of ideas and possibilities. Future libraries will have all that and more.

Yes, they will be continually evolving over the coming decades and the key to our understanding them lies in our ability to expand our perspective and reframe our thinking abut their role and purpose.

The list above is merely scratching the surface. Libraries can start with a formula, mission statement, policy plan, or lengthy surveys, but in the end libraries will evolve, morph, and transform on their own even without human intervention.

It’ll be an exciting thing to watch, and even more exciting to be part of.

By Futurist Thomas Frey

Author of Epiphany Z – 8 Radical Visions Transforming Your Future

Book Tom 1

11 Responses to ““122 Things” you will be able to do in the library of the future that you can’t do today”

Comments List

  1. Chuck Patton

    Great ideas as always and you always challenge me to find something you omitted and in this case it is a retro item: Vinyl Records. They should stock and allow one-time recording of them for personal use only. The music on vinyl records are both historic and modern and remain a unique listening experience.
  2. <a href='' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Marydee Ojala</a>

    Most of what you talk about here relates to public libraries. But there are also academic libraries and library-like installations/activities/groups (information centers might be the most relevant term) in government agencies, corporations, non-profits, and research institutions. What about them?
  3. <a href='' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Annie</a>

    Libraries also aspire to be reader friendly. That is, putting the needs of readers before those of the insitution. A library should be a place where you discover something new to you, and that doesnt happen by itself. A library needs skilled staff!
  4. John Adebayo

    I like this article! Libraries in the future will not exist without assistance; they will only be driven by advances in technology. This is because the need for information will continue to grow at an exponential rate.
  5. <a href='' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Victoria Ryle</a>

    Love all the ideas, but I think it's a shame to forget that books are the foundation of libraries - so why shouldn't libraries of the future be places where people, but especially children make and publish their own books? So easy with today and future technology... Research shows that children still need tangible, physical books.
  6. C. Thorpe

    Great list. Question from my team was what is "aerobic reading"? We hadn't come across this term before. Can you define this one for us?
  7. Amy Caughlin

    Excellent list. In many of the cases you are talking about the present and not the future of public libraries. I know of a public library in the Durham Region (east of Toronto in Canada) that already has and lends drones. Theatre spaces/uses and galleries are quite common. Maker spaces have exploded over the past 5 years and there are now at least 4 within 30 km of me. Also Montreal's 'Living Labs' project : adds another exciting possibility.
    • FuturistSpeaker

      Some good points Amy. Yes, many of these things are already happening. The definition of a "library" continues to be in flux. My goal in writing this list was to help inspire new levels of creativity in libraries everywhere. Futurist Thomas Frey
  8. <a href='' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Steve Luiting</a>

    I work for The Cable Center and our library is now in virtual reality. You can download it for the HTC Vive here: The goal in the future is to recreate our internal documents as VR-PDF like books in VR as well as Avatars of people we have in our Oral/Video Histories.

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