Fifteen years ago I found myself stranded in the small town of Faith, South Dakota. It was 3:00 am in the morning and my car was out of gas. To give you a better idea of my predicament, this tiny town of 400 people was located 100 miles away from any significant cities.

With my kids sleeping in the front and back seats, my only option was to pull up in front of one of the two gas stations in town and wait until they opened at 6:00 am to continue my journey. After a long day at work and driving 8 hours, only to have my progress halted by this unknown variable was indeed frustrating.

Later I found out that people in this situation were supposed to call the police department and a local cop would help them fill their tank. But I had no idea that was an option.

Today, most gas stations are equipped with credit card readers and no attendant is necessary for them to operate 24 hours a day.

As we continue down the path of automation, virtually every city will have 24-hour convenience stores, 24-hour libraries, 24-hour banks, 24-hour churches, 24-hour schools, 24-hour movie theaters, 24-hour bars and restaurants, and even 24-hour shopping centers.

The side effect of a workerless business is that it can operate 24 hours a day for roughly the same cost as a 12-hour operation. With that in mind, here are some of the changes that accompany this shift in lifestyle. (26 Pics)

The Safety Side of a Surveillance Society

Most of us cringe at the notion of having Big Brother looking over our shoulders. The thought of having every quirky move we make captured on camera has us conjuring up notions of blackmail photos, or something comparable to a negative political campaign ad that could be used against us in the future.

But the same photos that give us Big Brother-phobia also provide safety. Cameras watching the world around us create a visual deterrent to anyone thinking about doing something harmful to us.

Over the coming years the number of surveillance cameras will grow exponentially. The Silicon Valley startup Dropcam is the first major player in this space and is already uploading more hours of video per minute than YouTube.

People-less retail will create a huge demand for cameras and other forms of monitoring technology. At the same time, businesses that could only afford to stay open during peak hours will soon consider a 24-hour version of their operation.

Here are just a few examples of what that will look like.

Automated convenience store

24-Hour Convenience Stores

Most middle-of-the-night shoppers are not looking for variety, they’re looking for a limited number of basic items, most of which can be sold through vending machines.

Many retailers will look at creating a “store within a store” where the automated vending side of the store operates 24-hours a day, but the expanded services side of the store opens only when their staff is present.

Below are a number of unusual vending machines being created specifically for this purpose.

Library vending machine in Taiwan dispensing books, CDs, and magazines

24-Hour Libraries 

With cities continually struggling financially, many libraries are looking at cutting hours to reduce staff time and save money. However, most people going to a library require little, if any, actual staff time.

Simply adding a few extra cameras and an “Ask a Librarian” telepresence console, and the same library being strangled by budget restrictions can operate quite easily 24 hours a day.

Libraries may even consider turning this into a premium cardholder service, one that they charge a monthly or annual fee for.

Automated teller machines with telepresence screens

24-Hour Banks

There no reason banking operations need to be restricted to the open and close times listed on a branch’s front door. Video connection to live tellers 24 hours a day will soon become a standard mode of operation for most banks.

24-7 prayer center

24-Hour Churches 

Churches tend to be some of the least utilized facilities in a city, operating at capacity only one day a week. Adding a few cameras and keyless entry systems to the doors and parishioners will begin to redefine their operations around 24-hour thinking.

Automated “Ask a Teacher” cam

24-Hour Schools

Teacherless schools in the future will be much more about creating “learning environments” than “teaching environments.”

As we move away from rigid start and stop times, and school operating schedules that rarely coincide with parent’s work schedules, we can begin to explore the use of automated learning and testing systems, “Ask a Teacher” telepresence consoles, and much more.

No, I’m not naïve enough to think young kids can be left to their own devices, and it may be too early to consider a full 24-hour operation. But automating even parts of the learning environment will open up options never before contemplated.

Select your movie from an automated ticketing station in Korea

24-Hour Movie Theaters 

Future cinemas will have private theaters where movie-goers can select the movie they want and order whatever food or drinks they desire for a very personal experience.

As theaters become more automated, on-site personnel will be eliminated and the cinema can turn into a full 24-hour demand driven operation.

Self-service bar

24-Hour Bars and Restaurants

Would you go to a self-service bar or restaurant? In the future they will become quite common expanding their offerings while at the same time automating everything from the cooking, to waitressing, to cleanup.

Over the coming years we will transition from semi-automated to fully automated bars or restaurants, reducing headcount one position at a time. As the employee numbers drop, hours of operation will expand.

Also, as we enter the driverless car era, DUIs and drunk driving concerns will fall by the wayside.

Sephora cosmetic and makeup vending machine

24-Hour Shopping Centers 

As with most retail, shopping centers are struggling. Adding store-within-a-store concepts along with afterhours product walls where people can order anything they see will give new options to after-hour shoppers.

Future Vending Machines

Automating retail is just a piece of what’s happening in the world of vending machines. Here are a few of the more unusual vending machines showing up around the world:

Wine vending machine and bar

24-hour grocery kiosk

Lettuce and fresh produce vending machine in Japan

Fresh crab vending machine in China

Wine vending machine recently seen in Wal-Mart

Rodam & Fields makeup and cosmetic vending machine

Britain’s Rollasoles and Afterheels machine dispenses flat shoes for women who’s feet hurt

German publisher Hamerger Automatenverlag vending machine for books and magazines

Quiksilver vending machine dispenses underwear, lingerie, bikinis, boxers, and briefs

Grocery store vending machine that dispenses eggs

Seedbomb Vending Machine

Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream Machine

The “Semi-Automatic” vending machine at Mondrian South Beach Hotel

Dubbed the “Semi-Automatic,” the vending machine at Mondrian South Beach is stocked with everything from T-shirts, to sunglasses, to best-selling novels, to a $90,000 Bentley. (A voucher is printed and the vehicle is delivered to the hotel in minutes.)

“Gold to Go” vending machine in Abu Dhabi

Closed, a jeans brand in Italy, unveils their vending machine

Pizza vending machine, 9″ pizzas cook in 2 minutes while you wait

Salta Cerveza bike vending machine in Argentina

Deliver drone

Final Thoughts

The photos above are intended to open your mind to the possibilities of living in a 24-hour city.

There are many side effects to automation and not all of them are positive. But one aspect of our automated future will be 24-hour access to most goods and services, many of which are only available during normal business hours today.

Eventually, most of the physical products we order will be delivered by drones, either ground-based or flying drones, often in 30 minutes or less.

By eliminating the restrictive nature of today’s business operations, we will be freeing up attention that can be more prudently spent solving society’s bigger problems.

Please take a few moments to weigh in on these topics. I’d love to hear what you think.

By Futurist Thomas Frey

Author of “Communicating with the Future” – the book that changes everything

17 Responses to “Introducing the Fully-Automated 24-Hour City”

Comments List

  1. <a href='http://veillance.me' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>S. Mann</a>

    Great article! You speak of a "surveillance society" as being beneficial. However, surveillance itself is one-sided (watching from above). We need a "veillance society" that is neither biased toward "sur" (over) or "sous" (under). Sousveillance (wearable cameras) will better balance an otherwise surveillance-only society.
  2. <a href='http://www.wallyswireless.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Walter Chia</a>

    Interesting article. Just want to state upfront that I'm a technology advocate lest I sound like I'm resisting the move towards 24-hr automation. However, as we head towards such cities (complete with its attendant "surveillance/Veillance"), we should not forget that cities serve a purpose. Need to caution against pursuing automation for automation sake.
  3. Michael Cushman

    Thinking beyond different vending machines. I'm a Drexler fan and support his version of nanotechnology. I think we transform production into universal replicators like on Star Trek, not just for food, but any and all products. At first, the all-in-one replicators will replace shopping malls and box stores like Walmart. Soon after, costs will drop and many will choose home versions for food and many smaller items. The only supply chain will be for distribution of raw molecular materials.
    • FuturistSpeaker

      Michael, Great point. Today's 3D printer technology is paving the way for the Drexler-inspired universal replicators of the future. I've already seen prototype 3D printer vending machines. This may be happening far faster than most think. Thomas Frey
  4. Mukund Hambarde

    I am from Bharat having very large population, that need employment for their livelihood. Automation, beyond a limit will reduce employment potential. Secondly a situation with automated machines in service of all 24x7 may lead us to "Un humanized" non social "group of people." What for group. Every body may become an individual depending on no body, needing no body. He/she will be of nobody and for nobody. I AM AFFRAID.
    • FuturistSpeaker

      Mukund, With any mature industry the trend is to reduce headcount and improve efficiency. Businesses only hire people when they feel they can make a profit from human labor. This is the cold reality of the business world. To increase employment, communities need to focus on starting new businesses. With new enterprises there is far less emphasis on efficiency and greater emphasis on hiring. Additionally, automation has a way of creating new businesses and new jobs. Rather than mourning the past, best to prepare for the future, it's going to be far more exciting. Thomas Frey
  5. <a href='http://www.shelfx.comandhttp://www.venducation.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Jim Dillingham</a>

    Great combination of observations! This is my consultant category. I am familiar with many of these specific applications. I have used the live crab vending machine graphic from the subway location a few times. Convenience is the god of mankind. Technology is the new priesthood delivering convenience. The way to capitalize on this automatic retailing application is to offer the most integration and personalization... with point of sale payment systems (not just credit card)... social media integration for couponing and feedback sampling... and advertising opportunities with pay-per-click geared through the POS system. Security should always be a concern as there are people who will always take advantage, potentially ruining it for the rest of us. to Michael... we are not gods. We can move things from one place to another. We can harness and manipulate the tools of the universe. We cannot make something out of nothing. That is against nature. The fun is just beginning. Jim Dillingham
  6. <a href='http://www.shelfx.comandhttp://www.venducation.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Jim Dillingham</a>

    Try doing that 3D printing in an digestible version.
  7. <a href='http://firefox' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>ramakrishna vailaya</a>

    There shoud be 24-hour 3D digestible products and 24-hour deliverance convenience from this life for those tired of it!
  8. <a href='http://trotskyschildren.blogspot.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Dan King</a>

    Here's a forecast for the future American economy. It's consistent with this article. http://trotskyschildren.blogspot.com/2013/06/getting-richer-while-feeling-poorer.html And this article is about the future of STEM careers. http://trotskyschildren.blogspot.com/p/predictions-for-future-stem-employment.html
  9. <a href='http://www.robbencini.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Rob Bencini</a>

    Thomas, Excellent article. My first thought is that this development further separates the lifestyles of urban vs. rural. To someone whose only connection with the 24 hour city is a self-serve soda machine, coming upon this would seem surreal. Enjoyed lunch in Chicago. Thanks for sharing.
  10. Tomas Jancarik

    Guys, besides Oetkers pizza machine little mentioning of automated 24/7 service that would substitute restaurants + delivery?... is there a technology that could do it automatically like some sophisticated production line + delivery drones? Or is such a process like cooking too complicated to be automated anytime soon? Or can a molecular replicator replicate steak in the exact state of being just taken out of the owen? I am really wondering... I am talking about a nice gourmet experience rather then wending machine sortiment experience... or perhaps I will be able to get somethink that will not in the least look like a steak, but will provide me with the nutrition and memory stimulating nanotechnology will be able to make me experience it as if it were a steak? Thanks for your point of view. Tomas
  11. <a href='http://nil' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>surya prakash</a>

    Hi, Can we think of automatic paint vending Machine ,wherein customers can choose their desired shades and get it tinted and mixed automtaically.will it be practically possible.. Have u seen any where such stuffs Surya india, Tamilnadu
  12. <a href='http://www.vendtrade.co.uk/' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Duncan</a>

    In general,we are always looking for ways to improve on effciency. The idea that vending machines will become more common at every turn is probably as scary as the idea once was of a large supermarket replacing high street shops, yet high streets still have their shops and we all appreciate the convienence of a larger store. A conviently placed vending machine could prove to be very useful and effcient, without us hopefully, being in danger of loosing all traditions.
  13. <a href='http://Website' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Dani</a>

    I am just as excited to see these predictions come true as anyone. My biggest issue with automated shopping is that you can't interact with the product before you buy it. You can't try on a shirt from a vending machine before paying for it. So for this reason, I don't think that this can ever completely replace the stores we have today. It may make simple, after hours requests more available but I don't think it can become our main source of shopping.

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