Underground-Economy-341As the musical chairs game of unemployment money runs out, and an increasingly large number of people are left without a seat at the jobs table, desperation begins to set in.

For them, it becomes painfully obvious that their lackluster effort to find a job, which often involves playing video games and watching TV interspersed with sending an occasional resume or phone call, has left them with few options as the end of their financial rope draws ever closer.

Panic begins to set in.

Human to human social skills are vastly different than online social skills and their ability to interact with others has atrophied to a point where their entire circle of friends consists of a few relatives and some high school classmates who have somehow turned beer drinking into a profession.

They have already been suckered into several network marketing get-rich-quick schemes and looked at going back to college but couldn’t see a quick enough payback. With few options left, they find themselves slipping into survival mode.

Welcome to the underground economy.

The Global Perspective

There are no good numbers to describe the size and characteristics of the underground economy, but it is most certainly growing.

From the government’s standpoint, when there’s no crisis, no one worries about it. However, as national debt skyrockets and an even more troubling international debt crisis looms, the declining balance sheet causes many to go into finger-pointing mode.

A recent article in the London-based Financial Times took a close look at this growing problem.

Pietro Reichlin is an economics professor at Rome’s Luiss University who has studied the underground economy (sometimes refered to as the “black” economy) extensively.

“When wages go down, there is more incentive to move towards the black economy. It is almost a form of insurance, a way out,” says Reichlin.

Europe’s shift towards an underground economy is happening far faster than in the U.S.

According to Friedrich Schneider, economics professor at Johannes Kepler University in Linz, Austria, the size of the Spanish black economy is equivalent to 19.2 per cent of official gross domestic product. That happens to be the same proportion as the average he calculates for 31 European countries, with Bulgaria the highest at 32.6 per cent and Switzerland the lowest at 8.1 per cent.

Schneider estimates the size of the underground economy in the U.S. is in the range of 7%. But that 7% represents a far greater dollar amount than most of the other counties combined.

“Among the main causes of the black economy is the level of taxation. The higher the tax and the regulatory burden the bigger the shadow economy of the country,” Prof Reichlin says.

The Online Underground

Business is becoming very fluid in how it operates, and the driving force behind this liquefaction is a digital network that connects business or personal needs with solution providers, and buyers with sellers, faster and more efficiently than ever in the past.

But the effect of our flowing digital business world does not stop with how transactions are performed. Instead, it has begun to morph and change virtually every aspect of how business is conducted including the duration and permanency of work assignments, the employer-worker relationship, and the organizing principals around which work assignments and talent coalesce.

At the center of the underground economy is a set of tools that makes working from home or a local coffee shop far easier than finding a job.

Here are a few examples of unusual home-based and personal enterprise businesses:

  1. Home Laundry Service: For those who don’t mind doing laundry, it only requires a washer, dryer, ironing board, a few bottles of detergent and fabric softener. A few hours spent flyering local neighborhoods and you’re in business.
  2. Divorce Counseling/Mediation Business: Rather than turning every divorce into a rip-your-genetalia-out-through-your-wallet exercise, there are far better ways to create solutions without spending all the money on high-priced attorneys.
  3. Pedicab Business: Every one of these pedal-powered rickshaws is a stand-alone business enterprise that can move from market to market to meet the sort-distance transportation needs of the people.
  4. Online Storefront: It is now easier than ever before to create your own retail operation on Amazon, eBay, Facebook, Half, Abe, Alibris, Biblio, direct, Tomfolio, Volare, and Zvab. Many products can even be drop-shipped directly to the customer from the manufacturer so there is no need to manage any inventory.
  5. Pet Counseling: People love their pets, but not all pets are a good fit for their owners. Bridging that gap creates room for a wide variety of new services that an enterprising person can leverage.
  6. Professional Testimonial Writer: A growing population are searching for ways to shore up their online reputation and the solutions can be a simple as writing good testimonials or as elaborate as offering a complete set of reputation management services.
  7. Donation Services: We all own too much stuff. But when it comes time to get rid of our stuff, we somehow want it to go to a good place but we don’t know the options and we don’t want to spend a lot of time handling it. Any good donation service will find themselves quickly in demand both by the donors and the recipients.
  8. YouTube Video Services: Managing your online video reputation can be very time consuming.  As each of the online video services adds features and becomes more sophisticated, both individuals and businesses need help.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of home-based businesses in the U.S. exceeds 18.3 million businesses.

Although difficult to track, it is estimated that nearly 70% of home-based businesses succeed for at least a three-year period (compared to 29% outside the home business ventures). The higher success rate is due to the ability for home-businesses to be operated part-time around a day job.

These types of enterprises lend themselves well to an off-the-books underground operation.

Micro Jobs

If there’s one thing you can learn from Timothy Ferriss and his book The 4-Hour Work Week, it’s the value of outsourcing. You can gain all sorts of time and freedom by getting someone else to do the work.

But what about from the worker standpoint? Will it always be a competition to see who can underbid whom?

Micro jobs are short-term tasks that create an opening. They can either be the starting point for a longer work relationship or just one in a series of one-off projects to bring in a little income.

As most employers know, the quality of the work is far more important than the price paid for it. So while many will experiment with low-cost workers, a longer-term relationship with someone who is a consistent performer is far more valuable.

Micro job sites like Ffiver, Dollar3, MyntMarket, GigHour, and 7Freelance do a good job of connecting talent with the needs of business. But building a long-term relationship is highly dependent on the individual.

Youth Employment

Today’s Wallstreet Journal took an in-depth look at the declining trend in youth employment.

“Perhaps you’ve already noticed around the neighborhood, but this is a rotten summer for young Americans to find a job. The Department of Labor reported last week that a smaller share of 16-19 year-olds are working than at anytime since records began to be kept in 1948.

Only 24% of teens, one in four, have jobs, compared to 42% as recently as the summer of 2001. The nearby chart chronicles the teen employment percentage over time, including the notable plunge in the last decade. So instead of learning valuable job skills—getting out of bed before noon, showing up on time, being courteous to customers, operating a cash register or fork lift—millions of kids will spend the summer playing computer games or hanging out.”

As young people try to enter the job market at an older age, they will have already gained some awareness of the advantages afforded by the underground economy.

Long Term Trends

The U.S. government has become growingly inept in their ability to work with the emerging digital economy in the midst of the global financial problems.

The number of miscues and disconnects are all but guaranteeing the size of the underground economy will grow.

Is this a bad thing? It depends on which side of the fence you’re on.

By Futurist Thomas Frey

Author of “Communicating with the Future” – the book that changes everything.

10 Responses to “Micro-jobs and the emerging underground economy”

Comments List

  1. Bob Forshay

    Tom, your data is telling but does not address also the BWM, Beached White Male as reported in Newsweek. And of course this is not limited to just male employment seekers. Fewer folks are only seeking JOBs now. I think an interesting and emerging dynamic is the collaboration potential with very young and older independent employment seekers who no long look just for a JOB. Could be a whole new set of opportunities.
  2. <a href='http://thespeculativescreenwriter.blogspot.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Amanda</a>

    My tact with my kids, aged 10 and 14, is to put in their minds that there is no longer any need to wait until someone says they're ready to start pursuing their dreams. In other words, they spend as much time working on their own projects and inventions as they do "playing" and we think of this work as meaningful and potential income generation. The idea that they need a college degree to start working, that life can be all fun and games without purpose until they're 18 or 21, doesn't fly in my home. I offer this as a "rebellion" against the past that they can own, and you know young people love to rebel against the system and the way things used to be, and stomp their foot, and tell us grups that we have totally missed the boat...so it works out. Shhhhhh. Don't tell them that I'm rooting for them!
  3. <a href='http://www.MacStartup.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Kevin Cullis</a>

    Hi Tom and Amanda, Right on the head of the nail, both of your comments. Take a look at my blog post "Summer jobs for kids: Start a Business" at my web site. I give a number of sources to get kids to "beat the man." Having kids learn to start their own business, however small, they get to see the value of their work in "real" dollars. Having mentored at Junior Achievement you might want to see if there's a mentor at your kids school and get them involved. If there is not one, request one from JA. It was a blast for us adults, too. The excitement you saw in the kids eyes when they learned "relevant" knowledge to the task at hand was priceless. Shhh, and I'm rooting for you, Amanda. Kevin
  4. <a href='http://coachingbusinessentrepreneur.com/' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Donna</a>

    Really great article - I have coached leadership programs for youth - and it is great to see them develop more trust in relationship building and their own skills. And, grow as a small community, looking forward to their next time together as a group.
  5. Meg

    I haven't seen numbers, but I suspect that 50-65 year old women, once they're out of work, are having a harder-than-average time finding jobs. And I suspect they're --we're--being laid off at a higher-than-average rate.
    • admin

      Meg, I suspect you're right, although women, in general, have been willing to work for a lower wage than men making them somewhat more employable. Tom
  6. <a href='http://www.bizgirlscamp.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Peter Adams</a>

    Thanks for the great article Tom. I hadn't seen the data on youth employment, though I have heard some allusions to the trends toward unemployed adults taking jobs previously held by teenagers. I liked Amanda's comments about her kids not waiting until graduation to start their own projects. I have been running the BizGirlsCamp (www.bizgirlscamp.com) this summer and it has been really great to see how teen girls (8-12th grades) can really excel at developing a business concept and creating their own businesses. Each of the girls has said that they want to keep running their businesses through high school, college and beyond!
  7. <a href='http://www.gigs20.com' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>James</a>

    There is a website called Gigs20.com, - they don't have commission for $5 listings!! There are bunch of different gigs on Gigs20 range from promoting your message to a user’s 500,000 Twitter followers, creating a video podcast, writing a press release or article for your blog and anything in between. All of this is done for $5, $10, $15, or $20.
  8. <a href='http://montroyallimousines.com/' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Montreal Limousines</a>

    Just great article Tom. I hadn’t seen the information on youth employment, though I've heard some allusions towards the trends toward unemployed grown ups taking jobs formerly held by teens.
  9. <a href='http://www.gigtask.com/' rel='external nofollow' class='url'>Fiverr clone</a>

    Micro jobs are really helpful to many people not only for those who are looking for freelancers but even to the people looking for extra income- and I’m one of them. I’ve been working for years now as a freelancer for many online sites such as Odesk and Fiverr and I so far I think I’m doing good. The only problem with Fiverr though is that it has many freelancers right now so I have less chances of getting hired. Right now I’m looking for sites like Fiverr where I can sell my services. Over all, I’m satisfied with how these sites work and they’re really of great help to my financial needs.

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